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(涨姿势) 2个小技巧,让你英语流利说 | Jooyee 聚译网

(涨姿势) 2个小技巧,让你英语流利说

​​How to Speak English Fluently – 2 Unusual Tips

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“怎样才能流利地讲英语”。不得不说,这个问题不是那么好回答的,学习任何技巧都是需要时间和付出的。

You know, one question I am asked all too often is “How can I speak English fluently?”

Well, I have to say there is no easy answer to this question; learning any skill takes time and dedication.


我经常问大家的一个问题是“怎样才能流利地讲英语”。不得不说,这个问题不是那么好回答的,学习任何技巧都是需要时间和付出的。


However, there are some things you can do to help yourself progress faster. The best way of all is to learn with a qualified native English teacher, but if this option is not suitable for you at the moment, then you can try the tips I am about to reveal.


但是,为了加快学习,你可以采用很多方法来助攻。最好是能和一名合格的以英语为母语的老师一块学习切磋,如果目前这种方法不适合你,你可以试下我介绍的这两个小技巧。


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1. Forget grammar!  滚蛋吧,语法君!


That’s right. This may seem strange to you, but it is very important.
忘记语法,你或许会感到奇怪,但这是非常重要的一点。


If you are preparing for an examination, then you should study grammar. However, if you want to become fluent in English conversation, then you should try to learn English without thinking about grammar too much.
如果你是为了应试,学习语法必不可少。然而你要是为了用英语熟练地对话交流,那你不应该把太多注意力放在语法上面。


The reason why I say this is that to become fluent, you need to be able to speak without pausing to think of the correct words and sentence construction.
提及语法是因为这关系到流利程度。说英语时不要停顿,思考用词是否正确及句子结构。


If you are constantly trying to translate what you want to say from your own language into English, whilst thinking about all the grammar rules you’re supposed to be using, you’ll most likely become bogged down, hesitant and fail in your fluency goal.
如果你一边不断的将自己的母语转换成英语,一边还想着我应该使用哪种英语语法,不停顿磕磕巴巴才怪,何谈流利。


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2. Learn natural phrases or ‘chunks’ you can adapt for any situation!  学习万能词组搭配或“语块”


What you need to do is to learn and study phrases instead of trying to speak in sentences.
首先你需要学习词组短语,而不是张口就彪句子。


You may be familiar with a large range of vocabulary, but are probably not able to create fluid conversation (natural flowing speech). This could be because you fail to recognise the differences between spoken and written English, one of which is that when speaking, people use phrases instead of sentences.
或许你词汇量很大,但却不能流利自然地开口表达,这是因为你没有认识到口语和书面语的差异。其中之一就是,人们在交流时,习惯用词组短语而不是完整的句子。


The most important thing for you to improve the fluency of your speech, is to learn English in phrases or “chunks” of language, instead of memorising grammar rules and so on.
提高流利度最重要的一点就是去学习词组短语搭配或“英语语块”,而不是死记硬背语法等。


To explain what I mean, think of these “chunks” of language as ready-made phrases you can remember by using them often.
进一步说,把英语语块看做固定的搭配,通过经常练习来记忆。


These include collocations (words that commonly go together) such as ‘rich and famous, densely populated, keep a secret, break a promise or take a seat; phrasal verbs such as ‘get up, log on, run out of’; idioms like ‘part and parcel, make ends meet’, and social formulas such as ‘see you later, have a nice day’ and so on.
这包括词汇搭配,如rich,famous;短语搭配,如get up起床;习语,如make ends meet收支相抵,量入为出;交际惯用语,如see you later再见等等。


It is easy to see why it may be difficult for students to achieve fluency in English. In traditional classroom-teaching methods, grammar is generally taught as a priority, not these language ‘chunks’ which students can use almost instantly in conversation.
学生为什么很难说一口流利地英语,答案显而易见。在传统的课堂教学方法中,语法是放在第一位的,而不是在交流中立马可派得上用场的英语语块。


注:chunks,语言学中指语块,是Becker于1975年首先提出的概念。语块整体存储在记忆中,使用时直接提取,无须语法生成和分析。具有一定的约定俗称性,形式稳定,能保持语言的原汁原味特点。所以在语言输出中学生所选择的词语就更符合英语的语言习惯,有效避免了中式英语的干扰。


So what can you do? The best thing is to find native English speakers you can converse with, either in person or on the Net. 
所以你知道该怎么做了吗?最好的方法是找一位以英语为母语的人练习,不管是在实际生活中还是网上在线学习。


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