Julius Mathison Turing, Alan's father, was the second son, born on 9 November 1873. Devoid ofhis father's mathematical ability, he was an able student of literature and history, and won ascholarship to Corpus Christi College, Oxford, from where he graduated with a BA in 1894. Henever forgot his early life of enforced economy, and typically never paid the 'farcical' threeguineas to convert the BA into an MA. But he never spoke of the miseries of his childhood, too proud to moan of what he had left behind and risen above, for his life as a young man wasa model of success. He entered for the Indian Civil Service, which had been thrown open toentry by competitive examination in the great liberal reform of 1853, and which enjoyed areputation surpassing even that of the Foreign Office. He was placed seventh out of 154 in theopen examination of August 18953. His studies of the various branches of Indian law, the Tamillanguage and the history of British India then won him seventh place again in the Final ICSexamination of 1896.
He was posted to the administration of the Presidency of Madras, which included most ofsouthern India, reporting for duty on 7 December 1896, the senior in rank of seven newrecruits to that province. British India had changed since Sir Robert left it in 1792. Fortune nolonger helped the daring; fortune awaited the civil servant who could endure the climate forforty years. And while (as a contemporary writer put it) the district officer was 'glad of everyopportunity to cultivate intercourse with the natives,' the Victorian reforms had ensured that'the doubtful alliances which in old days assisted our countrymen to learn the languages' were'no longer tolerated by morality and society.' The Empire had become respectable.
With the help of a ￡100 loan from a family friend he bought his pony and saddlery, and wassent off into the interior. For ten years he served in the districts of Bellary, Kurnool andVizigapatam as Assistant Collector and Magistrate. There he rode from village to village, reporting upon agriculture, sanitation, irrigation, vaccination, auditing accounts, andoverseeing the native magistracy. He added the Telugu language to his repertoire, and becameHead Assistant Collector in 1906. In April 1907 he made a first return to England. It was thetraditional point for the rising man, after a decade of lonely labour, to seek a wife. It was onthe voyage home that he met Ethel Stoney.